List of important LENR patents
A list of important patents is given below.
|Title and URL||Assignee||Type||Publication /Issue Date||Abstract|
|Method and apparatus for carrying out nickel and hydrogen exothermal reaction||Andrea Rossi||Application||Jan 13, 2011||A method and apparatus for carrying out highly efficient exothermal reaction between nickel and hydrogen atoms in a tube, preferably, though not necessary, a metal tube filled by a nickel powder and heated to a high temperature, preferably, though not necessary, from 150 to 5000 C are herein disclosed. In the inventive apparatus, hydrogen is injected into the metal tube containing a highly pressurized nickel powder having a pressure, preferably though not necessarily, from 2 to 20 bars.|
|Amplification of energetic reactions||Brian Ahern||Application||Sep 29, 2011||Methods and apparatus for energy production through the amplification of energetic reactions. A method includes amplifying an energy release from a dispersion of nanoparticles containing a concentration of hydrogen/deuterium nuclei, the nanoparticles suspended in a dielectric medium in a presence of hydrogen/deuterium gas, wherein an energy input is provided by high voltage pulses between two electrodes embedded in the dispersion of nanoparticles.|
|Energy generation apparatus and method||Brillouin Energy Corporation||Application||May 26, 2011||A practical technique for inducing and controlling the fusion nuclei within a solid lattice. A reactor includes a loading source to provide the light nuclei which are to be fused, a lattice which can absorb the light nuclei, a source of phonon energy, and a control mechanism to start and stop stimulation of phonon energy and/or the loading of reactants. The lattice transmits phonon energy sufficient to affect electron-nucleus collapse. By controlling the stimulation of phonon energy and controlling the loading of light nuclei into the lattice, energy released by the fusion reactions is allowed to dissipate before it builds to the point that it causes destruction of the reaction lattice.|
|Reactor for energy generation through low energy nuclear reactions (lenr) between hydrogen and transition metals and related method of energy generation||ST Microelectronics||Application||Sep 19, 2013||An embodiment of an apparatus includes a reaction chamber, a reaction unit, and an energy regulator. The reaction chamber includes an energy port, and the reaction unit is disposed in the reaction chamber and is configured to allow an energy-releasing reaction between first and second materials. And the energy regulator is configured to control a rate at which reaction-released energy exits the reaction chamber via the energy port. The reaction chamber may include a thermally conductive wall that forms a portion of the energy port, and the energy regulator may include a thermally conductive member and a mechanism configured to control a distance between the thermally conductive wall and the thermally conductive member. Furthermore, the reaction unit may include a mechanism configured to facilitate the reaction between the first and second materials, and may also include a mechanism configured to control a rate at which the reaction releases energy.|
|Cold nuclear fusion thermal generator||The Boeing Company||Application||Dec 18, 1991||A method and apparatus are provided for generating heat energy by the coldfusion of hydrogen with boron or lithium in an electrolytic cell.|
|A system for producing neutrons and heat by nuclear fusion in a gas absorbed on a metal||ENEA||Grant||Sep 20, 1995||The present invention relates to a system for producing neutrons and heat by nuclear fusion in a gas absorbed on a metal and is particularly concerned with a system for the "cold" fusion of deuterium nuclei for obtaining neutrons and heat.|
|Energy generation and generator by means of anharmonic stimulated fusion||Francesco Piantelli||Grant||Jun 2, 1999||A process of energy generation and an energy generator by means of anharmonic stimulate fusion of hydrogen isotopes absorbed on metal comprising a charging step on a metallic core (1) of a quantity of hydrogen isotopes H and D; a heating step in which said core (1) is heated (9) to reach a temperature higher than Debye's temperature of the material composing the core; a startup step wherein a vibrational stress is produced with a rise time less than 0.1 seconds which activates a nuclear fusion of said hydrogen isotopes; a stationary step during which it is exchanged (3,5) the heat produced by the H+D nuclear fusion reaction which occurs in the core (1) because of a steady keeping of a coherent multimodal system of stationary oscillations.|
|Nuclide transmutation device and nuclide transmutation method||Mitsubishi Heavy Industries||Grant||Dec 4, 2013||The present invention produces nuclide transmutation using a relatively small-scale device. The device (10) that produces nuclide transmutation comprises a structure body (11) that is substantially plate shaped and made of palladium (Pd) or palladium alloy, or another metal that absorbs hydrogen (for example, Ti) or an alloy thereof, and a material (14) that undergoes nuclide transmutation laminated on one surface (11A) among the two surfaces of this structure body (11). The one surface (11A) side of the structure body (11), for example, is a region in which the pressure of the deuterium is high due to pressure or electrolysis and the like, and the other surface (11B) side, for example, is a region in which the pressure of the deuterium is low due to vacuum exhausting and the like, and thereby, a flow of deuterium in the structure body (11) is produced,and nuclide transmutation is carried out by a reaction between the deuterium and the material (14) that undergoes nuclide transmutation.
|Method for producing energy and apparatus therefor||Francesco Piantelli||Grant||Jan 16, 2013||A method and a generator to produce energy from nuclear reactions between hydrogen and a metal, comprising the steps of a) production of a determined quantity of micro/nanometric clusters of a transition metal, b) bringing hydrogen into contact with said clusters and controlling its pressure and speed, preferably after applying vacuum cycles of at least 10-9 bar between 35 DEG and 500 DEG C for degassing the clusters; c) creating an active core for the reactions by heating the clusters up to a temperature that is higher than the Debye temperature TD of the metal, preferably a temperature close to a temperature at which a sliding of reticular planes occurs, in order to adsorb in the clusters the hydrogen as H- ions; d) triggering the reactions by a mechanical, thermal, ultrasonic, electric or magnetic impulse on the active core, causing the atoms of the metal to capture the hydrogen ions, with liberation of heat, preferably in the presence of a gradient of temperature on the active core; e)removing the heat maintaining the temperature above TD, preferably in the presence of a magnetic and/or electric field of predetermined intensity.; The active core can comprise a sintered material of micro/nanometric clusters, or a clusters powder collected in a container, or a deposit of clusters onto a substrate of predetermined volume and shape, with at least 109 clusters per square centimetre of surface, obtainable by means of methods such as sputtering, spraying evaporation and condensation of metal, epitaxial deposition, by heating up to approaching the melting point and then slow cooling, such methods followed by quick cooling for freezing the cluster structure.|
|Method for producing thermal energy||Purratio Ag||Grant||Aug 15, 2012||The invention relates to a method for producing thermal energy, wherein, by means of a plasma arc which is located between a cathode and an anode, light initial material that is suitable for fusion processes is put into the plasma state by supplying electric energy. Use is made of a cathode made of a metal that is suitable for allowing the particles which are produced in the plasma to be diffused and for allowing a fusion process to take place in the metal grid. The invention has a high degree of efficiency in corresponding systems such that said methods can be used anywhere where fossil and/or renewable and/or chemical fuels are used, in order to use the thermal energy directly or by conversion.|
|Pulsed low energy nuclear reaction power generators||Energetics Technologies||Grant||May 4, 2011||A low energy nuclear reaction power generator has different cells in which hydrogenous atoms are driven by different methods to increase atom-packing in a lattice and to increase the flux of hydrogenous atoms. An electrolytic cell is provided containing an electrically-conductive electrolyte, a glow discharge cell and a catalyst cell are each provided containing a gas, and a high pressure electrolytic ultrasonic cell is provided including a first section containing a gas and a second section containing an electrolyte, in which is provided an anode-cathode electrode pair. Applied across these electrodes is a train of electrical packets, each comprised of a cluster of pulses. The amplitude and duration of each pulse, the duration of intervals between pulses, and the duration of intervals between successive packets in the train are in a predetermined pattern in accordance with superwaving waves in which each wave is modulated by waves of different frequency.|
|System and method for generating particles||US Navy
Jwk International Corporation
|Grant||Apr 16, 2013||A method may include the steps of supplying current to the electrodes of an electrochemical cell according to a first charging profile, wherein the electrochemical cell has an anode, cathode, and electrolytic solution; maintaining a generally constant current between the electrodes; exposing the cell to an external field either during or after the termination of the deposition of deuterium absorbing metal on the cathode; and supplying current to the electrodes according to a second charging profile during the exposure of the cell to the external field. The electrolytic solution may include a metallic salt including palladium, and a supporting electrolyte, each dissolved in heavy water. The cathode may comprise a second metal that does not substantially absorb deuterium, such as gold. The external field may be a magnetic field.
|Method and apparatus for power generation||Martin Fleischmann
|Application||6 Mar, 1996||The present invention involves an apparatus and method for generating energy, neutrons, tritium or heat as a specific form of energy. The apparatus comprises a material such as a metal having a lattice structure capable of accumulating isotopic hydrogen atoms and means for accumulating isotopic hydrogen atoms in the metal to a chemical potential sufficient to induce the generation of the specified items. The sufficient chemical potential is, for example, enough to induce generation of an amount of heat greater than a joule-heat equivalent used in accumulating the isotopic hydrogen atoms in the lattice structure to the desired chemical potential.
|Process and apparatus for obtaining exothermic reactions, in particular from nickel and hydrogen.||Andrea Rossi||Grant||Oct 10, 2009||NA|
|Devices and methods for heat generation||Leonardo Corporation
Industrial Heat LLC
|Application||Nov 6, 2014||A reactor device includes a sealed vessel defining an interior, a fuel material within the interior of the vessel, and a heating element proximal the vessel. The fuel material may be a solid including nickel and hydrogen. The sealed vessel may be sealed against gas ingress or egress and may contain no more than a trace amount of gaseous hydrogen. The sealed vessel is heated with an input amount of energy without ingress or egress of material into or out of the sealed vessel. An output amount of thermal energy exceeding the input amount of energy is received from the sealed vessel. The fuel material has a specific energy greater than that of any chemical reaction based energy source.|
|Thermal-energy producing system and method||Etiam Oy||Application||May 30, 2013||System and method for producing thermal energy is based on a very large number of nanoscale particle accelerators in a volume accelerating electrons and hydrogen ions at very high local electric fields. Nanoscale particle accelerators comprise a dielectric material possessing electric polarizability and a metallic materialcapable of forming an interstitial and/or electrically conductive metal hydride and capable of enhancing the local electric field by the geometry and/or by the sufficiently small dimensions of the said metallic material. Low to medium strength local electric fields are utilized for the generation of Rydberg matter and inverted Rydberg matter in the presence of a material capable of forming and storing Rydberg atoms. Destabilization of Rydberg matter and inverted Rydberg matter leads to solid state physical reactions that release energy.|
|Control of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction Hydrides, and Autonomously Controlled Heat||Brillouin Energy Corporation||Application||Nov 13, 2014||A treatment of a possibly powdered, sintered, or deposited lattice (e.g., nickel) for heat generating applications and a way to control low energy nuclear reactions ("LENR") hosted in the lattice by controlling hydride formation. The method of control and treatment involves the use of the reaction lattice, enclosed by an inert cover gas such as argon that carries hydrogen as the reactive gas in a non-flammable mixture. Hydrogen ions in the lattice are transmuted to neutrons as discussed in U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2007/0206715 (Godes_2007)). Hydrogen moving through the lattice interacts with the newly formed neutrons generating an exothermic reaction.|
|Reactant, Heating Device, And Heating Method||Clean Planet||Application||Jan 01, 2015||A reactant capable of generating heat more stably than conventionally possible, a heating device, and a heating method are provided. This reactant (26) comprises a hydrogen storage metal comprising nanosize metal nanoparticles (metal nano protrusions) formed on the surface, and is placed in a reacting furnace having a deuterium gas atmosphere so that when hydro-gen atoms are stored in the metal nanoparticles on the reactant (26), the electrons in said metal nanoparticles, strongly influenced by the surrounding metal atoms and other electrons, act as heavy electrons, and as a result, cause the inter-nuclear distance between the hydrogen atoms in the metal nanoparticles to contract, making it possible to increase the probability of the occurrence of tunnel nuclear fusion reactions, and thus making it possible to generate heat more stably than conventionally possible.|
|Vorrichtung und Verfahren zur Energieerzeugung
(An apparatus and method for producing energy)
|Airbus Defence and Space||Application||March 19, 2015||(Translated from German, please see the original abstract for more accurate text)|
To provide an environmentally friendly, suitable for the transport sector thermal energy source, the invention provides a power-generating device (10) for generating heat energy by an exothermic reaction in the form of a LENR by using a metal lattice-assisted hydrogen process comprising: a reaction vessel (14) with a reactive LENR material (45) for performing the reaction chamber containing the exothermic reaction (16), a field generating means (18) for generating a field in the reaction chamber (16) for activating and / or maintaining the exothermic reaction, a heat transfer means (20) for transferring heat into and / or out of the reaction chamber (16), an operating parameter detecting means (28) for detecting at least one operating parameter in the reaction chamber (16), and a controller (26) which is adapted to to control the field generation means (18) and / or the heat transfer means (20) in response to said detected operating parameters to stabilize or regulate the exothermic reaction.
|Energy generating device and energy generating method and also control arrangement and reactor vessel therefor||Airbus Defence and Space GmbH,
Airbus Operations Gmbh,
Airbus Ds Gmbh
|Application||March 26, 2015||To offer an environmentally friendly thermal energy source that is suitable for the transport sector, the invention provides an energy generating device (10) for generating thermal energy by an exothermic reaction in the form of a metal-grating-supported hydrogen process, preferably an LENR, comprising: a reaction vessel (14) with a reaction chamber (16) containing reaction material (45) for carrying out the exothermic reaction, a field generating device (18) for generating a field in the reaction chamber (16) for activating and/or maintaining the exothermic reaction, a heat transmission device (20) for transmitting heat into the and/or out of the reaction chamber (16), and a controller (26), which is designed for controlling or regulating the field generating device (18) in dependence on the temperature in the reaction chamber to stabilize the exothermic reaction, wherein the controller (26) is connected to a thermoelectric generator, for the conversion of heat from the reaction chamber into electrical energy as its sole energy supply, in such a way that sufficient energy for generating the field is only available when the temperature lies above a critical range, for example 500 K.|
|Fluid Heater||Andrea Rossi||Grant||August 25, 2015||An apparatus for heating fluid includes a tank for holding fluid to be heated, and a fuel wafer in fluid communication with the fluid. The fuel wafer includes a fuel mixture including reagents and a catalyst, and an electrical resistor or other heat source in thermal communication with the fuel mixture and the catalyst.|
|Energy-producing reaction devices, systems and related methods||Industrial Heat LLC, Andrea Rossi, Thomas Barker Dameron||Application||August 27, 2015||A reactor device includes a reaction chamber; one or more thermal units in thermal communication with the reaction chamber configured to transfer thermal energy to the reaction chamber; and a refractory layer between the reaction chamber and the one or more thermal units.|
|Method for producing energy and apparatus therefor||Francesco Piantelli||Challenged by Leonardo Corp.||Jan 16, 2013||A method and a generator to produce energy from nuclear reactions between hydrogen and a metal, comprising the steps of a) production of a determined quantity of micro/nanometric clusters of a transition metal, b) bringing hydrogen into contact with said clusters and controlling its pressure and speed, preferably after applying vacuum cycles of at least 10-9 bar between 35 DEG and 500 DEG C for degassing the clusters; c) creating an active core for the reactions by heating the clusters up to a temperature that is higher than the Debye temperature TD of the metal, preferably a temperature close to a temperature at which a sliding of reticular planes occurs, in order to adsorb in the clusters the hydrogen as H- ions; d) triggering the reactions by a mechanical, thermal, ultrasonic, electric or magnetic impulse on the active core, causing the atoms of the metal to capture the hydrogen ions, with liberation of heat, preferably in the presence of a gradient of temperature on the active core; e)removing the heat maintaining the temperature above TD, preferably in the presence of a magnetic and/or electric field of predetermined intensity.; The active core can comprise a sintered material of micro/nanometric clusters, or a clusters powder collected in a container, or a deposit of clusters onto a substrate of predetermined volume and shape, with at least 109 clusters per square centimetre of surface, obtainable by means of methods such as sputtering, spraying evaporation and condensation of metal, epitaxial deposition, by heating up to approaching the melting point and then slow cooling, such methods followed by quick cooling for freezing the cluster structure.
|Method and apparatus for generating energy by nuclear reactions of hydrogen adsorbed by orbital capture on a nanocrystalline structure of a metal||Francesco Piantelli||Grant||Jan 06, 2016||(From description)
...invention to improve the method and the generator described in WO2010058288, in order to increase the generation of energy until an industrially acceptable level is attained. It is another feature of the present invention to improve this method and generator, in order to reliably and accurately adjust the power supplied by the generator.
These and other objects are achieved by a method to obtain energy by nuclear reactions between hydrogen and a transition metal...